Natural Products Insider

SEP-OCT 2017

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92 INSIDER September/October 2017 should investigate a high-absorption calcium supplement," he said. The RDA for calcium is 1,000 mg/d for adult males and 1,200 mg/d for adult females. Calcium supplementation is also important for those following a vegan diet, those who are lactose-intolerant or living with irritable bowel disorder (IBD) or celiac disease, those with osteoporosis and those taking corticosteroids long-term, Johnson said. Vitamin D Vitamin D has been linked to many health benefi ts, including reduced risk of fracture in elderly people, 2 increased muscle strength and prevention of hip fracture, 3 reduced risk of heart attack and other issues related to cardiovascular disease (CVD), 4 and reduced risk of developing multiple sclerosis, 5 type 1 diabetes 6 and other autoimmune disorders. Unfortunately, vitamin D status is lagging in many parts of the world, even in sun-abundant regions such as India, China, the Middle East and Africa. 7 Vitamin D status is improved by fortifi cation of milk in North America, though vitamin D insuffi ciency is still common. Risk groups for vitamin D defi ciency include young children, pregnant women, the elderly and immigrants. "Vitamin D is produced primarily by sunlight through the skin," Johnson said. However, achieving adequate vitamin D levels via sunlight isn't as simple as it seems. "While it is true that exposure to the sun triggers vitamin D synthesis in the body," said Saumil Maheshvari, business development, Orgenetics, "It may sometimes not be enough." Additionally, there are limited dietary sources of vitamin D. Johnson pointed to fi sh, mushrooms, fortifi ed milk and fortifi ed cereals for vitamin D content. For these reasons, supplementation with vitamin D is essential in regions with weather that prevents sunlight exposure, as well as for those who limit exposure to the sun or regularly use sunscreen. Supporting Calcium Calcium supplementation isn't as easy as taking a pill. Certain factors need to be taken into consideration to ensure calcium is properly utilized and excess calcium isn't causing unwanted health effects. Assisting calcium in its area of highest demand—bone support—is vitamin D. "Vitamin D works together with the parathyroid hormone to balance calcium and phosphorus absorption," Johnson said. "Without vitamin D, calcium is poorly absorbed, causing the body to react to a calcium defi ciency, and reducing calcium stores in the body. This, in turn, may cause brittle bones and teeth, or the onset of osteoporosis." Vitamin D aids with bone growth and bone remodeling by osteoblasts (bone builders) and osteoclasts (bone removers), Rillorta added. "Calcium can only reach its full bone- building potential if your body has enough vitamin D," Olguin said. "Basically you need to have suffi cient intakes of both calcium and vitamin D to achieve the proper absorption benefi ts for your bones." An important consideration of calcium supplementation is the effect of excess calcium intake. Excess calcium can result in hypercalcemia (high blood serum calcium levels), which can be induced by high intake of calcium or vitamin D, but can also be caused by conditions such as malignancy and primary hyperparathyroidism. 8 Hypercalcemia has been associated with weight loss, polyuria (abnormally large urine volume), heart arrhythmia, fatigue and soft tissue calcifi cation. 9 Additionally, calcium supplementation has been linked to increased risk of myocardial infarction 10 and cardiovascular mortality, 11 which can cause calcifi cation and hardening of the arteries, known as atherosclerosis, in cases of excess calcium levels. Certain nutrients such as vitamin K2 are stepping into the spotlight to address such concerns by activating matrix Gla protein (MGP) that inhibits arterial calcium deposits. 12 Optimized supplementation and fortifi cation of calcium and vitamin D can help change the tide of defi ciency, especially as specialty ingredients have been designed to improve absorption of calcium to address the need for stronger bones, healthy hearts and overall improved well-being. 1751 Curtiss Ct., La Verne, CA 91750 Tel: 626-810-8886 | Fax: 626-810-6601 | www.patvitamins.com PAT Vitamins TRACEABILITY QUALITY CONSISTENCY Vitamin D (including Vitamin D2 and D3) has become growingly popular over the recent years due to the discovery of its health benefits. Vitamin D3 is very unique because it can be produced via our skin from the exposure of sunlight and UV rays. Our original manufacturer of Vitamin D3 started from the very beginning: wool grease. Utilizing a patented photosynthesis manufacturing process, Vitamin D3 is produced naturally from lanoline cholesterol. Vitamin D3 stability through microencapsulation technology is now readily available. While Vitamin D2 is produced from plant based sources, we are able to offer varieties of both Vitamin D2 and Vitamin D3 for different applications. Calcium is extremely vital for bone health and growth. An adequate intake of Vitamin D is no less important than Calcium. Vitamin D Liquid and Oil: Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) 40 Million IU/G Pure Crystal Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) 1 million IU/G in Sunflower Seed Oil Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 40 Million IU/G Pure Crystal Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 1 Million IU/G in MCT Oil Calcium: Calcium Ascorbate Powder Calcium Ascorbate Fine Powder (100 mesh) Calcium Ascorbate DC-97 Starch Free Calcium Citrate Calcium Carbonate Vitamin D Cold Water Dispersible (CWD) Beadlets and Powder Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) 100,000 IU/G Microencapsulated Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) 500,000 IU/G Microencapsulated Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 100,000 IU/G Powder Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 500,000 IU/G Powder Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 100,000 IU/G Microencapsulated Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) 500,000 IU/G Microencapsulated The "Sunshine" Vitamin Calcium & Vitamin D For a list of references, email references@naturalproductsINSIDER.com

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